下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- Reduce the impact of drinking sugary drinks on childhood obesity，供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是世界卫生组织（世卫组织）于2016年10月11日在日内瓦总部发表了题为“非传染性疾病饮食和预防的财政政策”的报告。该报告指出，如果相关组织不采取有效干预措施，将会有2.68亿青少年的体重超过5至17岁。其中许多人将面临罹患II型糖尿病，高血压，脂肪肝，哮喘，睡眠障碍和其他严重疾病的风险。糖的摄入过多，尤其是含糖饮料，是导致世界各地许多国家儿童肥胖的主要原因。
Reduce the impact of drinking sugary drinks on childhood obesity
The World Health Organization (WHO) published a report entitled "Fiscal Policies for the Diet and Prevention of NCDs" at the Geneva headquarters on the October 11, 2016. The report pointed out that if related organizations do not take effective interventions, there will be 268 million adolescents whose age between 5 to 17 weight exceeded. And many of them will face the risk of suffering from type II diabetes, high blood pressure, fatty liver, asthma, sleep disorders and other serious illness. Excessive intake of sugar, especially drink sugary beverages, is a major cause of increased childhood childhood obesity in many countries around the world.
“Increased consumption of beverages, particularly those high in sugar, is thought to be one of the potential contributors to the rapid increase in energy intake among children and adolescents.” (Allman-Farinell et al. 2015) Researchers found that 50 grams of sugar per day is the upper limit of an ordinary people, but one can cola contains about 37 grams sugar. Assume that the average volume of a can of drinks is 330 ml, children aged 4 to 10 average annual intake of 110 cans of sugar drinks, adolescents drink an average of 234 cans of sugar drinks per year. Excessive drinking of sugar-containing beverages leads to children’s sugar intake over the recommended standard, especially the daily intake of sugar from adolescents aged 11 to 18 is three times as much as the recommended standard. Sugar intake is one of the main factors that induce children obesity, each gram of sugar will bring 4 kcal of calories. Research shows that if you drink a can of sugary beverages everyday, the annual weight will increase by about 7 kg. Apart from that, “A high glycaemic load diet exacerbates glucose and insulin responses, which have been associated with increased appetite, food intake and body weight gain.”(Allman-Farinell et al. 2015) Evidence shows that large amounts of sugary beverages, like carbonated soft drinks and fruit-flavoured drinks, may increase obesity risk by contributing to a high glycaemic load and exacerbating insulin response. The energy consumed in the form of liquid has a low satiety value and may not trigger a physiological saturating mechanism to the same extent as the energy consumed in solid form, resulting in a lack of compensatory reduction in energy from other food sources and consequently intake higher energy. Because of sugary beverages contribute low satiety value and tastes dilicious, it is different for children to control the number. Children and there parents are rarely aware of that contains so much sugar, so they usually drink sugary beverages without any restrictions.
Scientific research has confirmed that free sugar that produces, chefs or consumers add in foods and beverages, such as glucose, fructose, sucrose, etc. Especially there is a significant correlation between free sugar in the from of sugar-containing beverages and overweight prevalence rates. Children who drink one or more sugary beverages a day are 55% more likely to be overweight or obese after one year compared to children who do not drink or rarely drink sugary beverages. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that 40% of children who born between 2000 and 2011 will suffer from Type 2 diabetes. The main cause of Type 2 diabetes is drinking too much sugary beverages. In the United States, nearly 30 million children and adults suffer from diabetes. In addition, 35% of Americans are facing obesity problems and obesity can cause diseases such as hypertension. .
There is no doubt that the biggest stakeholder in this study is children. With the improvement of living standards, the number of children drinking sugary beverages has greatly increased, this is very bad for the child's physical health. The children who drink a lot of sugary beverages will drink less milk products, and the the intake of calcium is lower. Another reserch showed that “the availability and consumption of sugary beverages in secondary schools is associated with higher rates of obesity in adolescents.”(Kmietowicz and Zosia;2014) The environment of children's life lures them to drink more and more drinks because they have a lot of drinks around them. Not just around the school, if guests come to home, parents often treat them with a cup of sweet drink, family and children will drink together. If eating in the restaurant, the waiter will always be enthusiastic to ask ladies and children “to drink what?” parents will naturally ask the child which kind of drink they like. Apart from that, sugary beverages ads are still on a global scale overwhelming. Even if children know that something is bad for them in the long run, the ability to control and control impulsive behavior is not fully developed before adulthood; children are more susceptible to emotional information in advertising, this makes them more like drinking sugary beverages.
This article mainly analyzes the impact of sugary drinks on obesity in children, and hopes to draw the attention of relevant people in order to reduce the negative impact of sugary drinks on children's health.
To further my research I need to be intensively study the relationship between children drinking sugary drinks and childhood obesity, and collect more about the relevant information. Apart from that, I would also like to understand the children's eating habits and daily intake of sugar. I also need to count the types of sugary beverages that are most popular with children and the sugar content of these beverages to further calculate the sugar content of children from sugary beverages. In addition, I need to understand the views of children and their parents on sugary beverages and whether they recognize the negative impact of sugary drinks on children's health, and whether parents will limit children to drinking sugary drinks. Besides, I also want to know whether parents have any suggestions in the view of the current situation.